Kelp in GBR © Charlie Short


Kelp forests are one of the most productive underwater ecosystems on our planet and are abundant within the Great Bear Rainforest. They provide habitat for rockfish, abalone, sea urchins and many more marine species. Kelp forests are also a source of food that fuels marine food webs. Rebounding sea otter populations feed on sea urchin which helps protect kelp forests from urchin overgrazing.

Kelp forests also help calm the waters on wave-exposed outer shores, providing a safe haven for tiny larvae, fish and shellfish. Kelp forests also take on carbon dioxide, so they play a valuable role in removing carbon from the marine environment. Kelp is just one of many different plants found along the coastal regions of the Great Bear Rainforest, some of which do not exist anywhere else in the world.

Download the free Central Coast Biodiversity app to learn about more than 210 plants, 80 birds, 190 marine invertebrates, 50 fish, 20 mammals and reptiles, and 120 different kinds of seaweed.

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